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Who are the rapporteurs? *

Report on torture*
  • 1980-1985: Advisor to the Secretary-General UNCTAD

  • 1995-2010: Secretary General of the World Organisation
    Against Torture

  • 1986: French prize for human rights

* The torture report will be made with the support of Prof. Dr. Johan Vande Lanotte (University of Ghent).

Question 1
Can we see a pattern in the facts underlying the (torture) testimonies? What groups are targeted and why? What is the motivation, and what is the highest level of state involvement?
Question 2
Do the testimonies about torture allow us to conclude that there is a systematic and organized use of torture in Turkey ?
Report on impunity*

Prof. Dr. Yves Haeck – Belgium

  • 2010 – present : Professor of Human Rights at the University of Ghent
  • Co-founder of the Centre for Human Rights of Ghent University
  • 2007 – today: Editor in Chief of the Inter-American and European Human Rights Journal

Dr. Emre Turkut – Turkey

  • 2019- present: Visiting Fellow at Hertie School of Governance, Germany
  • 2014- 2016: Research/Teaching Assistant at Turgut Özal University Law School, Ankara, Turkey
  • 2018- 2019: Research Fellow at Uppsala University Law School, Sweden

* The report Impunity will be co-authored by Prof. Dr. Yves Haeck and Drs. Emre Turkut.

Question 6
Is there an internal system of preventing and monitoring torture or mistreatment, and if yes, how does it function in reality?
Question 7
Is there an efficient system of sanctioning possible mistreatment or torture? Or can we speak of an organized impunity towards mistreatment and torture against people hold in detention?
Report on Judicial Independence & Access to Justice

Luca Perilli

  • 1995 – present: Judge  

  • 2016 ­– 2020: Member of the Board of Directors of the Italian School for the Judiciary (SSM)

  • 2007 ­­– 2017: EU independent expert in Albania, Croatia, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Turkey in the context of Rule of Law (chapter 23 of the EU acquis)

Question 8
Can we evaluate the judiciary system of Turkey as corresponding to internationally protected standards of independence and impartiality?
Question 9
Can we evaluate the judicial system of Turkey as ensuring full access to justice and effective judicial protection in case of human rights violations?
Report on enforced disappearances*

Johan Heymans – Belgium

Partner | Vennoot at Van Steenbrugge Advocaten

  • 2013: Internship at the International Center for Transitional Justice (department of international criminal law), New York
  • 2013 to date: Registered at the New York Bar
  • 2013: Internship at the Cambodia Tribunal in Phnom Penh, Cambodia
  • 2013: Guest Lecturer in International Criminal Law at the Royal University of Law and Economics of Phnom Penh, Cambodia
  • 2014 to date: Registered at the Ghent Bar
  • 2015 to date: Practical assistant University of Antwerp
  • 2016 to date: Active in the League for Human Rights (Liga voor Mensenrechten)

Ankara Bar Association – Turkey

*This report will be written by Johan Heymans. He will use, amongst others, the published report of the human rights center of Ankara Bar.

Question 3
Can we, taken in account the reports and the testimonies produced before the tribunal, conclude that abductions again are a part of the action of the state towards opposing persons and that no serious inquiry is organized about these facts ?
Report on freedom of expression and freedom of the press

Philippe Leruth – Belgium

  • 1995-2005: Chairman of the General Association of Professional Journalists of Belgium and then Chairman of the Association des journalistes professionnels.
  • 2004-2013: Vice-President of the European Federation of Journalists
  • 2016-2019: President of the International Federation of Journalists
Question 4
Can Turkey at this stage be considered as a country within which a sufficient degree of freedom of the press and freedom of expression is guaranteed, so it can be in compliance with the standards of a good functioning democracy?
Question 5
Can the decisions taken by the Turkish government (still) be considered as a reaction linked to the “ coup d’etat” or need they to be evaluated as a way to “destroy” the voices and/or organizations critical towards the government in Turkey.
Report on Crimes Against Humanity under the Rome Statute in Turkey Today

Prof. Dr. Em. Johan Vande Lanotte – Belgium

  • 1986: PhD in Law at Ghent University
  • 1988 – present: Associate professor of constitutional law and human rights at the University of Ghent
  • Deputy Prime Minister in federal governments in Belgium (1995-1998, 1999-2003, 2003-2005, 2011-2014)
  • 2006: Appointed Minister of State by King Albert II
  • 2018 – present: Senior Legal Counsel at the office of Van Steenbrugge Advocaten
Question 10
Do we need to qualify the acts of torture, as well as the national and the extraterritorial abductions, as described in the reports brought before the Turkey Tribunal, as crimes against humanity, according to the Rome Statute?
Please note
* Please note that all Turkey Tribunal steering committee members, judges, rapporteurs, witnesses participate in Turkey Tribunal on voluntary basis, and no one of them will be paid for their contributions to the tribunal. All the proceeds raised through our fundraising will go to logistics, accommodation, venue for the tribunal and such costs during the tribunal hearings in Geneva in September 2021. Following the hearings in Geneva, the remaining funds will be directed to the financing of International Criminal Court application by our team of experts.